The city of La Plata was founded by Pedro de Anzures,
Marques de Campo Redondo, on November 30th, 1538. Its foundation was a result of mining
activities overseen by Gonzalo Pizarro, who was interested in exploring the
region of the Andean Cordillera. In 1559, Spanish king Felipe II commanded the foundation
of the Audiencia de Charcas, with its headquarters in the city of La Plata with the
purpose of administering the eastern territories. The Audiencia held judicial authority
and executive powers and presided over the regions of what is now Paraguay, south-eastern
Peru, northern Chile and Argentina, and most of Bolivia. On 1609, the city received an
archbishopric, and granted it theological autonomy. That, along with the establishment of
the University of San Xavier in 1624. During the 17th century, La Plata served as a legal,
religious, and cultural center of the Spanish eastern territories. The first cry of
Independence in the Americas took place in the city of La Plata May 25th, 1809. On August
6th, 1825 independence was declared and a new republic was born under the name Bolivia
after its liberator Simón Bolivar. On August 11th, the name of the city of La Plata was
changed to Sucre in honor of Mariscal Antonio Jose de Sucre, who along with Bolivar,
fought for independence from Spanish rule.
The city of Sucre is also known as the City of Four Names,
being those names La Plata, Charcas, Ciudad Blanca (White City), and
Sucre. On December 13, 1991 UNESCO
declared the Historic City of Sucre a "World Heritage Site"
in recognition of its rich history and its wealth of colonial architecture.
By November 1996, Sucre had 157,775 inhabitants.
The city of Sucre is located at an altitude of 2,790 m above
sea level. Its weather is mild and pleasant around 20 degrees Celsius (68 Fahrenheit).
||From Cochabamba: 366 Km by rubble
||From Tarija: 480 Km by rubble road
||From Oruro: 349 Km by asphalt and
||From Potosí: 164 Km by asphalt
road, or by train.
From any main city in the country through the following
airlines: LAB, AEROSUR, and TAM.
||Casa de la Libertad:
House located on the main plaza, where the declaration of independence of Bolivia was
signed on august 6th, 1825. Portraits of presidents, military decorations, and documents
||Palacio de la Glorieta:
Formerly an outstanding palace owned by the wealthy entrepreneur Don Francisco de
Argandoña, it now serves as a military school.
||Museo de la Recoleta:
Established by the Franciscan Order in the early 16th century, this placed served as a
convent, barracks, prison, and museum. Displays anonymous paintings from the 16th to 20th
||Universidad Mayor de San Francisco
Xavier: Founded on March 27th, 1624 by Padre Juan de Frías Herrán.
||Biblioteca Nacional de
Bolivia: Archivo Nacional. Contains documents of the Audiencia de Charcas and
those of the republic. Includes documents from the XVI to the XX centuries.
||Museo de Charcas:
Displays paintings by Melchor Perez de Holguín as well as furniture handcrafted by
||Museo del Arte Moderno:
Displays works of modern Bolivian painting and sculptures.
||Museo Textil Etnográfico:
Features art exhibitions, and art workshops.
Displays skulls, pottery, mummies, and textiles from the eastern tribes of Bolivia.
||Dinosaur Marks :
Located 10 Km, north of the city of Sucre, this place depicts dinosaur footprints as wells
as prehistoric plant and animal fossils.
Cathedral, San Francisco, La Merced, San Miguel, Santa Mónica, San Lázaro, Santo
See also the following related sections:
WHERE TO GO?
Index of Cities:
THE BOOK CLUB
Going to Bolivia?